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Pituitary Tumor

Making a Diagnosis

In order to make a diagnosis, the doctor will ask a number of questions about a person's medical history, including his or her current symptoms, whether there is a family history of any medical problems, and any medicines the patient is taking. Doctors diagnosing pituitary tumors will also usually perform a physical exam, looking for any signs of a tumor, and will order certain tests.
These tests can include:
  • Blood tests to measure hormone levels
  • An magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan
  • A computed tomography (CT) scan
  • Petrosal sinus sampling
  • An eye exam.


(Click Diagnosing Pituitary Tumors for more information.)


Treating Pituitary Tumors

Different types of treatment are available. The treatment options will vary based on:
  • The type of pituitary tumor (see Types of Pituitary Tumors)
  • The symptoms of its hormone activity
  • How far the tumor has spread into the brain
  • The patient's age and overall health.
In general, treatments for a pituitary tumor can include:
  • Surgery (removing the tumor in an operation)
  • Radiation therapy (using high-dose x-rays to kill tumor cells)
  • Drug therapy
  • Chemotherapy.
Your healthcare provider can describe your treatment choices and the expected results of each. You and your doctor can work together to develop a treatment plan that best meets your medical needs and personal values. Choosing the most appropriate pituitary tumor treatment is a decision that ideally involves the patient, family, and healthcare team.
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Pituitary Tumors

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