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Pituitary Macroadenoma

Diagnosing a Pituitary Macroadenoma

In order to make a pituitary macroadenoma diagnosis, the doctor will usually ask the patient a number of questions about:
  • His or her medical history
  • Current symptoms he or she is experiencing
  • Whether there is a family history of any medical problems
  • Any medicines the patient is taking.
The doctor will also typically perform a physical exam, looking for any signs of a pituitary macroadenoma, and will order certain tests.
These tests can include:
  • Blood tests to measure hormone levels
  • Computed tomography (CT) scans
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans
  • Petrosal sinus samplings
  • Eye exams.
(Click Diagnosing Pituitary Tumors for more information on how a pituitary macroadenoma is diagnosed.)

Treating a Pituitary Macroadenoma

Different types of pituitary macroadenoma treatment options are available. Pituitary macroadenoma treatment options vary based on:
  • The type of pituitary macroadenoma (see Types of Pituitary Tumors)
  • The symptoms of its hormone activity
  • How far the macroadenoma has spread into the brain
  • The patient's age and overall health.
In general, treatments for a pituitary macroadenoma can include:
  • Surgery (removing the macroadenoma in an operation)
  • Radiation therapy (using high-dose x-rays to kill macroadenoma cells)
  • Drug therapy.
Your doctor can describe your pituitary macroadenoma treatment choices and the expected results of each. You and the doctor can work together to develop a treatment plan that best meets your medical needs and personal values. Choosing the most appropriate pituitary macroadenoma treatment is a decision that ideally involves the patient, family, and healthcare team.
(Click Pituitary Tumor Treatment for more information on treatment options for the different types of pituitary macroadenomas.)
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