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Pituitary Adenoma

Diagnosing Pituitary Adenomas

In order to make a pituitary adenoma diagnosis, the doctor will ask a number of questions about a person's medical history, including his or her current symptoms, whether there is a family history of any medical problems, and any medicines the person is taking. The doctor will also perform a physical exam, looking for any signs, and will order certain tests.
These tests for a pituitary adenoma can include:
  • Blood tests to measure hormone levels
  • Computed tomography (CT) scans
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans
  • Eye exams
  • Petrosal sinus samplings.
(Click Diagnosing Pituitary Tumors for more information.)

Treating Pituitary Adenomas

Different types of treatment options are available. Pituitary adenoma treatment options vary based on:
  • The type of pituitary adenoma (see Types of Pituitary Tumors)
  • How far it has spread into the brain
  • The symptoms of its hormone activity
  • The person's age and overall health.
In general, treatment for a pituitary adenoma can include:
  • Surgery (removing the adenoma in an operation)
  • Radiation therapy (using high-dose x-rays to kill adenoma cells)
  • Drug therapy.
Your doctor can describe your treatment choices and the expected results of each. The two of you can work together to develop a treatment plan that best meets your medical needs and personal values. Choosing the most appropriate treatment method for a pituitary adenoma is a decision that ideally involves the patient, family, and healthcare team.
(Click Pituitary Tumor Treatment for more information on treatment options.)
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