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What Is NPH Insulin/Regular Insulin Used For?

Why Is NPH Insulin/Regular Insulin Used for Diabetes?

Most people who need to take insulin have type 1 diabetes (sometimes known as juvenile-onset diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes). Typically, type 1 diabetes begins in childhood or adolescence, although this is not always the case. With this type of diabetes, the pancreas stops producing insulin. This means that people with type 1 diabetes need to take insulin on a regular basis to help keep their blood sugar at the right level. Insulin is absolutely essential for people with type 1 diabetes.
 
Unlike people with type 1 diabetes, people with type 2 diabetes (sometimes called non-insulin-dependent diabetes or adult-onset diabetes) often do not need to take insulin. The problem with type 2 diabetes is that the cells of the body do not respond to insulin as well as they normally should (they become insulin-resistant). As a result, the cells do not remove sugar (glucose) from the blood very well, resulting in high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia). Therefore, people with type 2 diabetes need much more insulin than is normal to control their blood sugar. The pancreas cannot keep up with such a high demand and eventually starts to fail. Generally, people with type 2 diabetes take insulin only if they cannot produce enough insulin even with the help of oral diabetes medications.
 
Most people who take insulin need two different types of insulin (one short- or rapid-acting insulin and one intermediate- or long-acting insulin). NPH insulin/regular insulin is useful for reducing the number of insulin injections per day, since it combines two different types into a single injection.
 

How Does the Medication Work?

Insulin is a hormone that is naturally produced by the pancreas. This hormone is important for several functions, such as controlling blood sugar. Insulin helps the cells of your body remove glucose (sugar) from your bloodstream. This sugar fuels your body's cells, giving them the energy they need to work properly. You may need to take insulin if your pancreas has trouble making enough, which is the case for people with type 1 diabetes and for some people who have type 2 diabetes.
 
Because NPH insulin/regular insulin contains two different insulins, it starts working quickly and continues to work for several hours.
 
Type 2 Diabetes: Fact or Fiction

NPH Insulin/Regular Insulin Information

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