Metoclopramide is a prescription medicine licensed to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and diabetic gastroparesis. It is approved for short-term use only and comes in several different forms, including tablets, oral solution, and an injection. Metoclopramide works by causing the esophageal sphincter to tighten, relaxing the pyloric sphincter, and increasing the muscular contractions of the stomach and small intestines.
Metoclopramide (Reglan®) is a prescription medication that is approved for the following uses:
- Short-term treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
- Short-term treatment of diabetic gastroparesis (a condition caused by diabetes that involves the stomach emptying too slowly).
This article focuses on the tablet and oral solution forms of metoclopramide. Injectable versions of this medication are also available and are approved for additional uses, such as for preventing nausea and vomiting due to chemotherapy or surgeries.
(Click What Is Metoclopramide Used For? for more information on what the medication is used for, including possible off-label uses.)
As with any medicine, side effects are possible. However, not everyone who takes the drug will experience side effects. In fact, most people tolerate it quite well. Serious side effects are less common.
Some of the possible side effects include, but are not limited to:
- Impotence (also known as erectile dysfunction, or ED)
- Breast leakage.
(Click Metoclopramide Side Effects to learn more, including potentially serious side effects that you should report immediately to your healthcare provider.)