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Were you looking for information on Hypothyroidism? Hypothyriodism is a common misspelling of hypothyroidism.
An underactive thyroid is known medically as hypothyroidism. It occurs when the thyroid gland does not produce as much hormone as normal. The thyroid is a two-inch-long, butterfly-shaped gland located between the voice box and the collarbone, and it plays a key role in regulating the body's metabolism.
Several different things can cause hypothyroidism, such as inflammation or injury to the thyroid, surgical removal of all or part of the gland, or radiation to the chest and neck area. In some cases, the condition is even inherited (this is known as congenital hypothyroidism).
Thyroid hormone replacement therapy is the preferred mode of treatment for this condition. This involves medicines (such as levothyroxine, Levoxyl®, Synthroid®, Levothroid®, and Unithroid®) that work by restoring the levels of TSH and T4 hormones to normal.
These medications often relieve symptoms of hypothyroidism in as little as two weeks; however, it can take six to eight weeks for thyroid levels to return to normal (this is determined using a simple blood test).
(Click Hypothyroidism to read the complete eMedTV article, which takes an in-depth look at this condition, with information on possible symptoms, how the condition is diagnosed, and how long treatment is necessary. You can also click any of the links in the box to the right for specific information.)
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