What Is Glucotrol Used For?
What is Glucotrol used for? This prescription drug helps lower blood sugar levels in adults with type 2 diabetes by increasing insulin production in the pancreas. As a result, the chances of developing problems related to high blood sugar, such as kidney failure, heart disease, and diabetic impotence, is decreased. At this time, there are no other conditions Glucotrol is used for, nor is the drug approved for use in children.
What Is Glucotrol Used For? -- An OverviewGlucotrol® (glipizide) is a prescription medication licensed to treat type 2 diabetes. A long-acting form, Glucotrol XL® (glipizide extended release), is also available. Glucotrol XL tablets slowly release the medication, providing a more even level of Glucotrol in the blood.
Glucotrol should be used when blood sugar cannot be controlled by diet and exercise alone. It can be used alone or in combination with other diabetes medications
(Click Glipizide Alternatives for information about other medications used to treat type 2 diabetes.)
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes (see Diabetes Types). It is also sometimes called adult-onset diabetes or non-insulin-dependent diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is a condition involving insulin resistance. With insulin resistance, the cells of the body do not respond to insulin as well as they normally should. As a result, the cells do not take sugar out of the blood very well. This is why people with type 2 diabetes have high blood sugar.
Over time, high blood sugar can lead to a number of problems, including diabetic impotence, diabetic neuropathy, kidney failure, and heart disease (see Diabetes Complications). The cause of type 2 diabetes is not fully understood, although it is known that obesity and genetics play an important role.
Glucotrol is used for treating type 2 diabetes in people who cannot lower blood sugar through lifestyle changes alone (weight loss, diet, and exercise). It works by increasing the production of insulin in the pancreas. The medication may also help to lower blood sugar by improving insulin resistance. This means that Glucotrol may help the cells to take more sugar from the blood.
In some people, Glucotrol may need to be combined with other diabetes medicines. For example, if type 2 diabetes is untreated for a very long time, the pancreas may not be able to make enough insulin anymore. In these people, Glucotrol alone will not be effective. These people will need to take insulin along with Glucotrol.