Precautions and Warnings With GlucaGen
Dangerously high blood pressure could develop if GlucaGen is used in a person with a certain type of adrenal gland tumor. Some other warnings and precautions for GlucaGen relate to the safety of using this drug in people with pancreatic tumors or heart disease, or who are malnourished. In addition, tell your healthcare provider if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
What Should I Tell My Healthcare Provider?You should talk with your healthcare provider prior to using GlucaGen® (glucagon) if you have:
- Chronic hypoglycemia
- An insulinoma (tumor of the pancreas)
- A pheochromocytoma (tumor of the adrenal gland)
- Adrenal insufficiency
- Heart disease
- Any allergies, including to food, dyes, or preservatives.
Also, let your healthcare provider know if you are:
- Pregnant or thinking of becoming pregnant
Make sure to tell your healthcare provider about any other medications you are taking, including prescription and nonprescription medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.
Warnings and precautions to be aware of prior to using GlucaGen include the following:
- People with pheochromocytoma (tumors of the adrenal gland) should not use this medication, as an extremely dangerous increase in blood pressure may result.
- GlucaGen should be used with caution in people with insulinoma (a certain type of tumor in the pancreas that produces insulin). Although this drug will initially be effective for increasing blood sugar, the rise in blood sugar may cause the tumor to secrete more insulin, leading to another episode of low blood sugar. For people with this type of condition, glucose is usually the best treatment, given by mouth or intravenously.
- Any time an individual is given a GlucaGen dosage, his or her healthcare provider should be alerted. If the person does not wake up within 15 minutes, seek emergency medical care while giving a second dose.
- GlucaGen may not be effective for increasing blood sugar in people with malnutrition, alcohol-induced hypoglycemia, chronic hypoglycemia, or adrenal insufficiency.
- In addition to the well-known use of increasing blood sugar, this medication can be used to slow down the digestive tract during certain diagnostic procedures. GlucaGen should be used with caution in people with heart disease when used for this purpose. However, when used to treat dangerously low blood sugar, the benefits usually outweigh the risks.
- GlucaGen can react with other medications (see Drug Interactions With GlucaGen).
- GlucaGen is considered a pregnancy Category B medication. This means that it is probably safe for use during pregnancy. Talk to your healthcare provider about the risks and benefits of using this medication when pregnant (see Glucagon and Pregnancy).
- It is not known if GlucaGen passes through breast milk. Therefore, if you are breastfeeding or plan to start, discuss this with your healthcare provider prior to taking the drug (see Glucagon and Breastfeeding).