Endocrine System Channel
Topics
Medications
Quicklinks
Related Channels

Acarbose Alternatives

Insulin and Other Injectable Diabetes Medications

There are a variety of different types of insulin and other injectable medications for treating type 2 diabetes. A few of them include:
 
  • Insulin
  • Incretin mimetics
  • Amylin analogues.
     
Insulin
There are a variety of different insulins available, including short-, rapid-, long-, or intermediate-acting insulins.
 
Incretin Mimetics
There are four incretin mimetics available: exenatide (Byetta®), long-acting exenatide (Bydureon®), iraglutide (Victoza®), and dulaglutide (Trulicity™). They work by acting like the hormone incretin in the body, increasing insulin production and slowing digestion. Byetta is taken twice daily, while Victoza is taken once daily and Bydureon and Trulicity are both taken just once a week. All are taken as an injection just under the skin (by subcutaneous injection).
  
Amylin Analogues
There is one amylin analogue available, called pramlintide (Symlin®). This diabetes medication works like the hormone amylin in the body. It increases insulin production, slows digestion, decreases the production of glucose by the liver, and reduces appetite.
 

Lifestyle Changes for Type 2 Diabetes

Many lifestyle changes have been shown to be very effective at controlling type 2 diabetes (especially early type 2 diabetes). These lifestyle changes can include weight loss, becoming more physically active (see Diabetes and Exercise), and changes in diet (see Diabetic Diet). In fact, these changes are important for all people with type 2 diabetes, including people taking diabetes medications.
 
For many people, lifestyle changes alone may not be enough to adequately control type 2 diabetes. For these people, diabetes drugs may be necessary.
 
Type 2 Diabetes: Fact or Fiction

Acarbose Medication

Terms of Use
Advertise with Us
Contact Us
About eMedTV
Privacy Policy
Copyright © 2006-2017 Clinaero, Inc.
eMedTV serves only as an informational resource. This site does not dispense medical advice or advice of any kind. Site users seeking medical advice about their specific situation should consult with their own physician. Click Terms of Use for more information.